Easter Island is not only an exotic place, but also the farthest place on the continent. In the middle of the Pacific Ocean, 3700 km from the coast of Chile. away (5 hours by plane from Santiago), this native island, Rapa Nui, or “the heart of the world”, is home to one of the world’s most mysterious cultures. In recent years, especially in tourism, let’s visit this region together.
The only way to get here is by the airline. After a flight of about 6 hours on a plane departing from the airport of Santiago, 3700 km. away from this island. However, I want you to know that the flight ticket is very expensive. ($ 1100)
Apart from this, especially from the island of Tahiti, it is possible to reach there by plane.
The “big stone statues in of the moais, built in about 1200 BC, still do not solve the mystery behind how such large masses were moved to their place at that time. In 1882, the Germans made ethnological investigations on the island, but could not solve the mystery of the human statues called “Moai bulunan on the island.
These people, called Polynesians: were creative and intelligent people. They: they made excellent canoes, stone structures, and their artistic talents were very advanced. Hundreds of years ago, in the Pacific ocean and the Pacific islands: known as fearful places, these people, on this small island, created a great civilization and culture. They are: far from any continent or civilization, the islanders were more interested in the sun and the stars.
These people called their country: a Rapa nui ”in the Polynesian language. When this is considered, it is assumed that uçan the men who once flew to the island came and lit a fire, sa although it was an assumption. This assumption is consistent with the “big-eyed flying creature” paintings carved on the rocks on the island.
In 1919, a British archaeologist who stayed on the island for about a year stated in his diary that an old woman from the island could taşıy carry the object of his choice to the point of his choice “. On top of that, the question of how the stone statues, which I will mention intensively below, can be answered.
In the early days, it was called “Te Pito O Te Henua”, the ği Belly of the World ”. In 1722, Admiral Roggeveen came to the Easter Island. The island was named ası Easter Island için because it was found on ”Easter”.
People living on the island used a language called “Rongoronga eyen which cannot be solved today. There were only 25 wooden tablets written in this language, but what was written therein has not yet been solved. On the island, however, there are carved pictures on the stone: many paintings depicting the early people and birds.
Yes: the island is a charming open air museum.
Easter Island: Terevaka, Poike and Rano Kao volcanoes are located. Also: There are around 70 small craters. So: the island territory is completely volcanic. There are slightly hard rocks at the seaside.
As a climate: humidity of 77% on the island attracts attention. The typical subtropical climate causes rain during the year.
The average annual temperature is around 21 degrees.
On the island: there are only 5 camp sites with tables and benches and health services. Also: there are camping and picnic areas near the beaches.
Two walking paths are used in the Rano Kao area.
RAPA NUI NATIONAL PARK:
It was established in 1935. It covers 44% of the island soil. The most important elements of the park are “Moai statues”.
These statues are the main attraction of Easter Island. Visitors to this island: when they first saw these statues, when they saw that magnificent emotion-filled image on their faces; even if they do not feel “a fright”.
Researcher Peter Sebastian numbered 640 of these statues and recorded them. However: it is known that these statues were around 1000 in the past.
Of the statues, only 300 are standing where they are made today, while others are scattered in the quarry or during the move. As a result: There are still 887 statues on the island, 288 of them can be moved to platforms called “ahu.. 397 statues were found unfinished in the quarries and 92 statues were left in different parts of the island during the transfer. That is: only one of the three statues could be put in their intended places. This, in other words, the fact that most of the statues cannot be moved to the desired location: is the greatest proof that ığ aliens olmad are not involved in the sculpture process. Because, of course, if this were the case, all of the statues would be moved and placed in their intended places.
Due to the similarity of the statues with the stonework in the country of Peru, it is assumed that the first settlers were Peruvian.
Yes, as I mentioned above, despite many researches, the purpose of these sculptures is not known. They are probably thought to have been built between 1000-1600 AD. The pride of the statues standing on their faces is probably the purpose of the construction of the statues: the ancestors of the indigenous people, communicating with the souls. They all look at the sea horizon, the void, curious and anxious. Considering this, it is thought that the statues were waiting for something unknown. But what this unknown thing has not been understood to date.
The statues vary between 1-20 meters in length. Their faces are inland and their backs are facing the beach. 53 of the statues are made of tuffs from the volcano ano Rano Raraku daki on the east of the island. The rest of the statues are made of red slag, which is basalt, trachyte and brittle. Yeah, there’s a delicate spot here. Stones where the statues are made: are not available on the island. I mean: probably these statues: it was fabricated outside somewhere else and somehow brought to the island. In 1948, a researcher named Werner Wolff commented that, albeit a pale idea, “the statues were built inside the volcano that was active at that time and settled on its pedestals with the eruption of the volcano”
The largest weighs 50 tons. The most important feature of the statues is that they are processed in such a magnificent way that even the knife ridge does not fit between the chipped stone plates. However: after a while, people suddenly stopped making these stone statues and this situation could not be understood. Scientists think this means: in parallel with the increase in the population of the island, as a result of the collapse of the ecosystem. Research on the island: During the historical process, the inhabitants of the island experienced a bloody civil war among themselves. It is even said that this civil war resulted in am cannibalism.. During this civil war, most of the statues were dismantled by the locals. However: in the recent past, these statues have been raised by contemporary archaeologists.
A final note about the sculptures: although the purpose of the sculptures is not yet clearly known: some assumptions are considered. One of them “two tribes live on the island. The members of one tribe had long ears and the other tribe had short ears. A great internal conflict arises between these two tribes and civilization is destroyed. The sculptures were made to symbolize the collapsed civilization
. These are the ones that make giant statues ”One
final assumption is that ur the island is the tip of the lost continent“ Mu, hey and the statues were made by the people of the lost continent, the Lemurians. “
The theories about the purpose of the sculpture are thought to be: “especially for the worship needs of the people”. The statues are usually erected in coastal areas. Their heads are three times larger than their vicuts. On their faces and vicuts: aesthetically seen nose, dislocation of the forehead and lips of lips.
Moving and placing them requires highly advanced technological knowledge, physical strength and creativity.
Nevertheless: this island is a volcanic island, it should be thought that no trees grow on it. Considering these, it is impossible to find the simplest “billets gereken needed to transport these statues. Also: at that time, a few hundred locals live on the island. It is not possible to understand how these people, who made the statues and carried the stones to the place where they stood, were fed, how they carried out these activities. It is known that the pyramids of Egypt were built by a large army of workers, but it is known that there is not such a large population density, only a few hundred inhabitants. It is very difficult to understand the removal and carving of steel-hard volcanic rocks by these few hundred inhabitants, even if they work day and night with their primitive tools.
Another assumption is that the island was completely covered with forests at the time of the sculpture, ie before the volcano became active. But how the statues are transported through these forests cannot be explained. Most likely: very strong people should have moved the statues with the help of sleds made of ropes and tree stumps. As a result: all the trees on the island have been cut down, natural life has collapsed, no one has found anything to eat, so they attacked each other and even ate. As a result of this collapse of natural life: there are no animals left on the land, not even trees for canoeing. A life deprived of fish, fruit and birds is the most normal result of consuming its natural resources.
One final note: in recent research on how the statues were moved to the place where they were found: in the recent years, they were sculpted on the slopes of the volcano and then pulled up to their present location. Today’s researchers believe that the islanders have succeeded in sal shaking back and forth ell the sculptures.