Taj Mahal – Agra – India Travel Guide


Taj Mahal India – Travel Guide – Best Travel Destinations

We were based on the gate of the Taj Mahal in the early morning to be one of the sighters. As soon as the Taj Mahal passes through the main gate of the Darwaza-i Rauza, the structure that has entered the list of the 7 wonders of the world appears before you. If you want to take the same photograph you’ve seen in magazines, the internet or elsewhere, we recommend you enter the complex very early in the morning. Although the complex has more than one entrance, you should only enter through the main gate if you do not have a ticket. Cigar, cigarette, notebook, pen and tripod were not accepted in the security search. We were able to leave them all in custody and enter.

“ Taj Mahal olan, the most beautiful example of world architectural heritage for love, which is the symbol of India on the banks of the Yamuna River, which inspired the poet, painter, musician and architect .

Shah Jahan, the sixth ruler of the Mughal Empire, died in 1631, while his wife and his wife Mumtaz Mahal gave birth to his 14th child on the way to suppress the uprising in South India. Shah Jahan decided to have a structure built in his memory after mourning after his beloved wife.

The construction of the Taj Mahal started in 1632 and was completed in 1652. The architects of the production are Mehmet İsmail Efendi and Mehmet İsa Efendi. The Quranic verses seen in the marbles of the building were written by black marble and calligrapher Serdar Efendi. There are 4 minarets around the Taj Mahal, which is located in a spacious courtyard.Each was inclined to the outside in case of a possible earthquake collapse.The aim is not to damage the structure in case of an earthquake in case of collapse. There is a mosque on one side of the building and a guest house on the other side.

In this gigantic structure built by Shah Jahan for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, an estimated 22,000 workers worked and were completed in about 20 years. In the building where traces of Ottoman, Iranian, Indian and Islamic architecture are seen, the marble walls are carved and decorated with 12 kinds of semi-precious stones such as agate, mother of pearl, emerald and turquoise. Stones in some parts of the marbles are not in place. They were dismantled and stolen by the British during the 1857 Indian uprising. The Taj Mahal In 1983, it was included in the Unesco World Heritage List. When you enter the building under the dome Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal’s coffins are located. The main sarcophagi are under the structure and there is no access. The pools in the complex come from the Yamuna River. All of the pools and minarets are built with care for symmetry. Today, due to air pollution, the white walls of the Taj Mahal began to turn yellow.

When Shah Jahan   died on the other bank of the Yamuna River,  which was not content with Taj Mahal ,  he wanted to have the black one to be buried. However, since almost 32 million rupees were spent for the Taj Mahal at that time, almost all the money of the imperial treasury was consumed, his son Evrengzib came to the throne and imprisoned his father Shah Jahan in the fortress of Agra. After that, Shah Jahan spent 8 years following the Taj Mahal here until the end of his life. After his death he was buried next to his wife Mümtaz Mahal.

DO YOU KNOW ABOUT TAJ MAHAL?

  • India’s most well-known icon is Taj Mahal. Delicate minarets, carefully constructed with fine curved arches and magnificent dome is a structure that fascinates the viewer. Apart from the architectural features of the building, the most important aspect is its rich history.
  • An estimated 22,000 people were employed in the construction of the building, including stonemasons, workers, embroidery workers and other types of workers.
  • At different times of the day, the Taj Mahal takes on different colors.Pinkish color in the morning, milky white color in the evening and gold color in the moonlight at night, is admired in every way.
  • Shah Jahan’s third and most beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, took 17 years to complete.
  • The highest point of the Taj Mahal is 171 meters long.
  • In the construction of the Taj Mahal, more than 1,000 elephants have been involved in the transportation of construction materials.
  • During the Indian uprising in 1857, some motifs on the walls of the Taj Mahal were stolen by the British.
  • The building combines Iranian, Indian and Islamic architecture.
  • The marbles used in the construction of the Taj Mahal were brought from Rajastan, China, Afghanistan and Tibet.

Visiting Hours and Days: From 20:30 to 00:30 for a night visit every day from sunrise to sunset.

Entrance Fee: 750 rs in the day, 750 rs in the night. Unfortunately 1 ticket is not used twice even on the same day.

Best Visit Period: October – November

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